Related topics

C.I.F. Contract

F.O.B. Contract

Goods Undelivered. Seller’s property and the buyer’s risk.

Lawful Merchandise

Law and Sea.
Sale Contracts - CIF & FOB.

Contracts for the international sale of goods exhibit a characteristic which is not present in domestic contracts of sale, in that they are entwined with other contracts. These other contracts include the contract for the carriage of goods by whatever means has been agreed, the contract of insurance, and perhaps a contract with a bank or banks under which payment for the goods is to be effected.

Last updated: 01-Jun-2016

Lord Sumner in The Noordam [1920] AC 904 gave the following definition to the word "goods":

At first sight the word "goods" might seem to be an equally in appropriate description. It must, however, be observed that the word is of very general and quite indefinite import, and primarily derives its meaning from the context in which it is used.

… The content of the word "goods" differs greatly according to the context in which it is found and to the instrument in which it occurs. In a will or in a policy of marine insurance, in the marriage service or in a schedule of railway rates, in the title of a probate action or in an enactment relating to the rights of an execution creditor, the word may sometimes be of the narrowest and sometimes of the widest scope.

… "Goods" are not limited to things which are of considerable bulk or weight, though indeed these securities were anything but imponderable. The documents were not mere symbols of a right or title to be transferred by the operation of other instruments. If lost, they could not be proved and given effect to by secondary evidence. They themselves were things of price, the subjects of sale and delivery, irre- placeable and unalterable. No doubt can be entertained that they are within the descriptive word "goods" as used in the order.

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