…nota bene…

...in legal matters, some degree of certainty is at least as valuable a part of justice as perfection.


Per Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone LC in Cassell & Co Ltd v Broome [1972] 1 All ER 801.


Updates
Last updated: 30-Oct-2014

October 29, 2014 - Added Sample, Function of page with definition of Lord Macnaghten in James Drummond & Sons v E.H. Van Ingen & Co (1887) 12 App.Cas. 284.

October 23, 2014 - Added Fraud and Fraudulent Device Rule pages.

October 20, 2014 - Added Counter Offer with quotes from Hyde v Wrench (1840) 3 Beav 334 and Trollope & Colls Ltd v Atomic Power Constructions Ltd [1962] 3 All ER 1035.

October 19, 2014 - Amended Withdrawal of an Offer with quote from judgment of Erle C.J. in Offord v Davies (1862) 12 CBNS 748.

October 18, 2014 - Added Consensus ad idem with quotes from Smith v Hughes [1871] 6 QB 597 and R v Davies [1982] 1 All ER 513.

October 6, 2014 - Amended Berth and Port Voyage Charters with test of Devlin J in Stag Line v Board of Trade (1950) 83 Ll. L. Rep. 356.

October 1, 2014 - Added "tackle to tackle" rule.

August 8, 2014 - Added Agency page and amended Bribe page, quotes from Lord Neuberger’s judgement in FHR European Ventures LLP v Cedar Capital Partners LLC [2014] UKSC 45.

August 5, 2014 - Added Reasonable Person page and amended Good Faith page.

August 2, 2014 - Added Arbitration.html page.

July 30, 2014 - Added Mate’s receipt page with definitions of Lord Wright and Mustill LJ in Nippon Yusen Kaisha v Ramjiban Serowgee and The Nogar Marin.

July 20, 2014 - Amended Delay and Repudiation of Contract pages with quotations from judgment of Lewison LJ in Telford Homes (Creekside) Ltd v Ampurius Nu Homes Holdings Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 577.

July 9, 2014 - Added Natural Meaning page.

July 8, 2014 - Amended Bribe page with dictum of Longmore LJ in Novoship (UK) Ltd & Ors v Nikitin & Ors [2014] EWCA Civ 908.

May 20, 2014 - Added Damage page with distinction drawn by Cocburn CJ between ‘injury’ and ‘damage to property’ in Smith v Brown [1871] 40 LJQB 214.

May 17, 2014 - Added "Spent" Bill of Lading and Stale Bill of Lading pages.

May 11, 2014 - See how Pilcher, J defined Lawful Merchandise in Leolga Compania De Navigacion v John Glynn & Son Ltd. [1953] 2 Q.B. 374. Also updated Time Charter page with Mackinnon L.J. statement on "the owners agree to let," and "the charterers agree to hire" in Sea and Land Securities v Dickinson [1942] 2 K.B. 65.

May 6, 2014 - Added Deficiency of men page, Royal Greek Government v Minister of Transport (The Ilissos) [1949] 1 KB 525.

April 21, 2014 - Added Laytime and Demurrage in Sale Contracts page.

April 19, 2014 - Amended Principles of Interpretation of Contractual Documents page with obiter of Lord Atkinson in Houlder Bros. v The Commissioners of Public Works [1908] AC 276.

April 4, 2014 - Added Paramount Clause, Hague and Hague-Visby Rules, as amended and Hague and Hague-Visby Rules, as enacted pages.

February 6, 2014 - Added Short delivery page.

February 5, 2014 - Added In-transit loss clauses page.

January 12, 2014 - Amended Off-Hire, Net Loss and Period Clauses page with quotation from judgment of Lord Justice Tomlinson in Minerva Navigation Inc v Oceana Shipping AG (The Athena) [2013] EWCA Civ 1723.

October 29, 2013 - Amended Time Charter, Damages for repudiation page with statement of Mr. Justice Teare in Flame SA v Glory Wealth Shipping PTE Ltd [2013] EWHC 3153 (Comm) . Also amended Damages, The Measure of page.

October 17, 2013 - Added Idemnity page.

September 21, 2013 - Amended Justice page with obiter of Lord Griffiths in Ketteman v Hansel [1987] AC 189.

September 20, 2013 - Amended Repudiation of Contract page. Added Speaking Silence page.

September 12, 2013 - Amended Safe Port, Time Charter page with statement of Mr. Justice Teare in Gard Marine & Energy Ltd v China National Chartering Co Ltd & Ors [2013] EWHC 2199 (Comm).

June 20, 2013 - Amended Stare Decisis, the Doctrine pages.

June 19, 2013 - Amended Fraudulent Representation pages.

June 18, 2013 - Added Quality and condition of the goods adn Shipped in Good Order and Condition pages.

June 7, 2013 - Added Jury point page.

June 2, 2013 - Amended Evidence page with statement of Devlin J. in Waddle v Wallsend Shipping Company, Ltd. [1952] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 105.

May 4, 2013 - Amended Repudiation of Contract, Withdrawal Clause and Notice of Withdrawal and Terms of Contract: Condition, Warranties, Innominate Terms pages.

April 11, 2013 - Amended Sailors’ Wages page with Lord Stowell statement in The Juliana (1822) 2 Dods. 503

February 22, 2013 - Added Ostensible Authority page with statement of Lord Keith of Kinkel in Armagas Ltd v Mundogas (The Ocean Frost).

January 18, 2013 - Added Detention page with conclusion of Crane J. in Hyundai Merchant Marine Co. Ltd. v Furness Withy (Australia) Pty (The Doric Pride)[2005] EWHC 945.

Year 2012

December 27, 2012 - Added Headlines and sternlines page with technical details of tanker’s mooring arrangement provided by Eder, J., in Falkonera Shipping Co v Arcadia Energy Pte Ltd (The Falkonera) [2012] EWHC 3678 (Comm)

December 25, 2012 - Amended Hire page with statements in Tonnelier v Smith, (1897) 2 Com.Cas. 258, C.A. Stewart and Co. v Phillips van Ommeren (London) Ltd., [1918] 2 Q.B. 560 and French Marine Ltd. v Compagnie Napolitaine d' Eclairage et de Chauffage par le Gaz, [1921] 2 A.C. 494.

December 16, 2012 - Added Off-Hire, Net Loss and Period Clauses page.

December 11, 2012 - Added Time Charter, Suspension and Withdrawal page, with statement of Mrs Justice Gloster in Greatship (India) Ltd v Oceanografia SA de CV [2012] EWHC 3468 (Comm) and amended Arbitration, Interference of the Court page.

December 7, 2012 - Added Speed Warranty page, with statement of Mocatta J in Cosmos Bulk Transport Inc v China National Foreign Trade Transportation Corporation - [1978] 1 All ER 322.

December 5, 2012 - Amended Evidence page, with Lord Dunedin definition in Charrington Co Ltd v Wooder [1914] AC 71.

December 3, 2012 - Added Unreasonable, The Wednesbury Test page, with principles stated by Lord Greene, MR in Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation [1948] 1 KB 223on how the cases of judicial review should be decided.

November 23, 2012 - Added Goods page with definition pronounced by Lord Sumner in The Noordam [1920] AC 904.

November 22, 2012 - Added The RETLA clause page.

November 21, 2012 - Amended Signed Contract and Contract, Formation of pages.

November 17, 2012 - Amended Bill of Lading Contract page with statement of Morris LJ in Brown Jenkinson & Co Ltd v Percy Dalton (London) Ltd, [1957] 2 QB 621.

November 15, 2012 - Added Ex Turpi Causa Non Oritur Actio page.

November 14, 2012 - Added Good Order (Apparent Good Order) and amended Voyage Charterparties pages.

November 11, 2012 - Added Wasted (Reliance)Expenditure page with Lord Denning MR statement in Anglia Television Ltd v Reed [1971] 3 All ER 690, amended Damages page with Lord Atkinson explaination of the general intention of the law in Wertheim (Sally) v Chicoutimi Pulp Co. [1911] A.C. 301.

November 5, 2012 - Added Mechanical Breakdown and Government Interferences pages with explanations given by Eder J in ED & F Man Sugar Ltd v Unicargo Transportgesellschaft GmbH [2012] EWHC 2879 (Comm).

October 19, 2012 - Added Eligible page with quotation from Lord Chelmsford judgement in Baker v Lee (1860) 8 HL. Cas. 495.

October 15, 2012 - Amended Law page with statement of Lord Ellengborough in Bilbie v Lumley (1802) 2 East 469.

Ocntober 03, 2012 - Added Golden Rule and amended Literal Rule pages.

September 29, 2012 - Added Krysha (Крыша) page, considering the concept of krysha, by Gloster J in Berezovsky v Abramovich [2012] EWHC 2463 (Comm). Also added Common design and Joint tortfeasance pages.

September 15, 2012 - Added Currency and Pleading, The old system of pages.

August 30, 2012 - Amended Withdrawal Clause and Notice of Withdrawal and Employment and Indemnity Clause pages.

August 24, 2012 - Aded Duress and Illegitimate Pressure pages.

August 9, 2012 - Amended Laycan page with observation of Steel J in P v A & Anor [2008] EWHC 1361 (Comm).

August 8, 2012 - Amended Cancelling clause page with statement of A.L.Smith J in Smith v Dart & Son (1884) 14 QBD 105 and Devlin J in Noemijulia Steamship Company, Ltd. v Minister of Food, [1951] 1 K.B. 223, Certainty page with dictum of Roskill LJ in Compania de Naviera Nedelka S.A. v Tradax Internacional S.A. (The Tres Flores) [1974] Q.B. 264.

July 12, 2012 - Added: Residence and Absolute Privilege pages. Amended Void and Voidable Contracts page with statement of Dixon J in McDonald v Dennys Lascelles Ltd (1933) 48 CLR 457.

June 29, 2012 - Amended: Act of God page.

June 24, 2012 - Amended: Necessity page.

June 16, 2012 - Added and amended: Unilateral Contracts pages.

June 01, 2012 - Added and amended: NYPE. Clause 23. Lien; General Average. Possessory Lien Over the Cargo; Repudiation of Contract. Option to Disregard; Equity; Lien pages.

April 11, 2012 - Updated Condition Precedent and Promissory Conditions and Advance Freight. Added Cesser Clause, Lump Freight, Usage of trade (Custom of Trade), WIBON (Whether In Berth Or Not), Freight Pro Rata Itineris Peracti, Part Delivery of Cargo.

April 04, 2012 - Added Running Days and Weather Permitting pages. Amended Advance Freight page with Lord Esher statement in Nielsen v Wait (1885) 16 QBD 67.

March 22, 2012 - Added Running Days and Weather Permitting pages. Amended Demurrage page with Lord Esher statement in Nielsen v Wait (1885) 16 QBD 67.

March 20, 2012 - Added Without Guarantee and TBOOK (To The Best Of Owner’s Knowledge) pages.

March 19, 2012 - Added Working Day and Idemnity, Insurance Contract(s) pages.

March 15, 2012 - Amended Common Sense (Devlin J dictum in Heskell v Continental Express Ltd [1950] 1 All ER 1033) and Loading (The Apostolis (2) [1999] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 292) pages. Added Breach of Contract page with Blackburn J statement in Poussard v Spiers and Pond (1876) 1 QBD 410.

February 29, 2012 - Added Laytime/Demurrage Interrupted page, amended Negligence page with statement of Parker J in The Union Amsterdam [1982] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 432.

February 25, 2012 - Added Safe Port, Time Charter page.

February 24, 2012 - Added Port and Vessel Underway pages.

February 19, 2012 - Added Crewing (recruiting) policy page and updated Lien page.

January 18, 2012 - Added Incompetence page.

January 9, 2012 - Added (An Utterly) Impossible Port page with statement of Willmer LJ in Reardon Smith Line Ltd. v Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food [1961] 3 W.L.R. 110.

January 6, 2012 - Added Arbitration, tribunal shall act fairly and impartially and Not Unlikely pages.

January 4, 2012 - Added Common Carriers and page and revised Common Carrier, Liability of Shipowner as page.

January 2, 2012 - Added Certainty and Obligation to Provide Cargo pages.

December 29, 2011 - Added Standard of Proof page, Wilful Misconduct and Balance of Probabilities pages.

December 26, 2011 - Added Success Fee page, Motto & Ors v Trafigura Ltd & Anor (Rev 3) [2011] EWCA Civ 1150, Precedent page with dictum of Lord Wilberforce in Johnson v Agnew [1979] 1 All ER 883, (Business) Common Sense, Construction Which Is Consistent With page.

December 05, 2011 - Added Latent Defect page with dictum of Lord Sterndale MR in The Dimitrios Rallias (1922) 13 Ll L Rep 363

December 21, 2011 - Site has been moved and renamed to www.caselawquotes.net. Also design was slightly changed.

December 05, 2011 - Added Latent Defect page with dictum of Lord Sterndale MR in The Dimitrios Rallias (1922) 13 Ll L Rep 363

December 03, 2011 - Added Act of God page with quotation from judgement of Brett J in Nugent v Smith (1875) 1 CPD 19. Amended Seaworthiness page with quote from Lord Ellenborough C.J. judgment in Lyon v Mells (1804) 5 East 428

November 28, 2011 - Amended Available Market page with a statement of Steel J judgement in Zodiac Maritime Agencies Ltd v Fortescue Metals Group Ltd [2010] EWHC 903 (Comm).

November 14, 2011 - Amended Interpretation of Statutes page with statement of Lord Herschell in Bank of England v Vagliano Bros. [1891] AC 107 and Anticipatory Breach page with a quote from Lord Mansfield’s judgement in Jones v Barkley (1781) 2 Doug. 684.

November 08, 2011 - Amended Rescission page.

November 06, 2011 - Amended Representation and Contra proferentem rule pages.

October 31, 2011 - Added Place of the Ship at the Date of the Contract page.

October 30, 2011 - Added Affirmation page with citation from Buller J. judgment in Pasley v Freeman (1789) 3 Term Rep 51. Amended Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract page with statement of Lord Cranworth, V.C. in Parkin v Thorold [1851] EngR 542; (1851) 2 Sim NS 1, Terms of Contract: Condition, Warranties, Innominate Terms, Condition with dictum of Blackburn J. in Bettini v Gye and Warranty pages.

October 23, 2011 - Added Payment in Cash page with definition of Lord Bridge of Harwich in The Chikuma [1981] 1 All ER 652. Added Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract and Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract by Notice pages.

October 18, 2011 - Added Res Ipsa Loquitur (occurrence of an accident implies negligence) page with statement of Erle CJ, in the well-known case of Scott v London and St Katherine Docks Co.

October 15, 2011 - Added The Calendar Month (defenition of Cockburn CJ in Freeman v Reed (1863) 4 B. & S.174) and Punctual Payment (Lord Finlay’s observation in Maclaine v Gatty [1921] AC 376) pages.

October 12, 2011 - Added Time Charter page. Amended Hire and Injunction pages with statement of Lord Wright in A/S Tankexpress v Compagnie Financiere Belge Des Petroles SA (The Petrofina) [1948] 2 All ER 939 and Nourse LJ in Warren v Mendy [1989] 1 WLR 853. Amended Withdrawal Clause and Penalty pages.

September 30, 2011 - Added Injunction and Specific Performance pages. Amended Condition Precedent and Promissory Conditions and Delay pages.

September 12, 2011 - Added Necessity page with dictum of Sir W.Scott in The Gratitudine (1801) 3 C Rob 240

September 11, 2011 - Added Bottomry Bonds; Extortion and Respondentia (Bonds) pages.

August 28, 2011 - Added Time Charter, Damages for repudiation page with statements of Goff J in The Elena D'Amico [1980] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 75, Mustill J in Woodstock Shipping Co. v Kyma Compania Naviera S.A. (The Wave) [1981] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 521, Lord Carswell in Golden Strait Corporation v Nippon Yusen Kubishka Kaisha (The Golden Victory) [2007] UKHL 12, Zodiac Maritime Agencies Ltd v Fortescue Metals Group Ltd [2010] EWHC 903 (Comm) (28 April 2010) by Steel J and Blair J in Glory Wealth Shipping Pte Ltd. v Korea Line Corporation [2011] EWHC 1819 (Comm).

August 27, 2011 - Amended Damages, The Measure of page with statement of Lord Bingham in Golden Strait Corpn v Nippon Yusen Kubishika Kaisha (The Golden Victory) [2007] 2 A.C. 353.

August 24, 2011 - Amended Cancelling clause page with statement of Lord Denning, M.R. in Marbienes Compania Naviera S.A. v Ferrostaal A.G. (The Democritos) [1976] 2 Lloyd’s Rep. 149.

August 8, 2011 - Amended Fraudulent Representation page with Lord Herschell statement in Derry v Peek (1889) 14 AC 337. Amended Condition page with statement of Lord Diplock in Photo Production Ltd v Securicor Transport Ltd [1980] 1 All ER 556 and Lord Roskill in Bunge Corpn v Tradax SA [1981] 2 All ER 513.

August 4, 2011 - Added Election page with definition provided by Lord Goff of Chieveley in Motor Oil Hellas (Corinth) Refineries SA v Shipping Corporation of India (The Kanchenjunga)[1990] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 391. Amended Off-Hire page with statement of Kerr J in Mareva Navigation Co v Canaria Armadora SA (The Mareva AS) [1977] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 368.

July 25, 2011 - Amended Arbitration, Interference of the Court page with statement of Beatson J in TTMI SARL v Statoil ASA [2011] EWHC 1150 (Comm).

July 21, 2011 - Added "De Minimis" rule page with definition given by Sellers LJ in Margaronis Navigation v Peabody [1964] 2 Lloyd’s Rep.153.

July 20, 2011 - Amended Contract, Formation of page with Lord Justice Toulson statement in Papas Olio JSC v Grains & Fourrages SA & Anor [2009] EWCA Civ 1401.

July 14, 2011 - Amended Vetting, An Oil Major’s Approval page with statement of Mackie QC in Transpetrol Maritime Services Ltd v SJB (Marine Energy) BV [2011] EWHC 3374 (Comm).

July 13, 2011 - Added Subject Details page with definitions of Legatt J in The Nissos Samos [1985] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 378 and Steyn J in The Junior K [1988] 2 Lloyd’s rep 583.

July 12, 2011 - Added Mitigation, Criterion for page with statement of Lord Macmillan in Banco De Portugal v Waterlow [1932] AC 452.

June 17, 2011 - Amended Arbitration, Interference of the Court page with statement of Kerr J in Sunbeam Shipping Co. Ltd. v President of India (The Atlantic Sunbeam) [1973] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 482.

June 16, 2011 - Added Standard Forms of Contract and Standard Clauses page with dictum of Lord Diplock in Federal Commerce and Navigation Co Ltd v Tradax Export SA (The Maratha Envoy) [1977] 2 All ER 849.

May 29, 2011 - Amended C.I.F. Contract page with definition given by Lord Porter in Comptoir d’Achat et de Vente du Boerenbond Belge S/A v Luis de Ridder Limitada (The Julia) [1949] A.C. 293, Scrutton J in Arnold Karberg & Co v Blythe, Green Jourdain & Co [1915] 2 K.B. 379 at 388, Manbre Saccharine Co, Ltd v Corn Products Co, Ltd [1918-19] All ER Rep 980 per McCardie J, Lord Atkinson in Johnson v Taylor Bros &; Co Ltd [1920] AC 144 and Lord Wright in Ross T Smyth & Co Ltd v TD Bailey Son & Co [1940] 3 All ER 60.

May 22, 2011 - Amened F.O.B. Contract page with description of fob contract by Lord Hewart CJ in J. & J. Cunningham, Ltd. v Robert A. Munro & Co., Ltd. (1922) 13 Ll. L. Rep. 216.

May 15, 2011 - Added Reasonable Dispatch page with quotation from judgment of Moore-Bick J. in The Kriti Rex [1996] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 171. Amended Expected Ready to Load, Clause page

May 14, 2011 - Amended Reasonable Time page with statements of Lord Watson in Hick v Raymond [1893] AC 22.

May 07, 2011 - Amended Premature Notice Of Readiness page with statements of Mustill LJ in Transgrain Shipping B.V. v Global Transporte Oceanico S.A., (The Mexico 1), [1990] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 507, Thomas J in TA Shipping Ltd v Comet Shipping Ltd, (The Agamemnon), [1998] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 675 and Potter LJ in Flacker Shipping Ltd v Glencore Grain Ltd (The Happy Day), [2002] EWCA Civ 1068.

May 02, 2011 - Amended Statement of Fact, Demurrage Claim Document page with statements of Mustill LJ in Transgrain Shipping B.V. v Global Transporte Oceanico S.A., (The Mexico 1), [1990] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 507.

April 28, 2011 - Added Waiver page with statements of Lord Wilberforce in (The Laconia), [1977] 1 All ER 545 and of Potter LJ in The Happy Day [2002] EWCA Civ 1068.

April 10, 2011 - Added Full and Complete Cargo page with definition from Hunter v Fry [1819] EngR 340.

April 09, 2011 - Amended Dead freight page with citations from Wallems Rederij A/S v WH Muller & Co Batavia (The Storviken), [1927] All ER Rep 369 and Total Transport Corpn v Amoco Trading Co (The Altus), [1985] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 423.

March 25, 2011 - Amended Dangerous Goods (Cargo) page with statement of Lord Lloyd of Berwick in Effort Shipping Co Ltd v Linden Management SA (The Giannis NK), [1998] 1 All ER 495.

February 25, 2011 - Added Despatch (Dispatch) page.

February 20, 2011 - Added Capture page.

February 18, 2011 - Amended Proximate Cause and Perils of the Sea pages. Added Inherent Vice page.

February 15, 2011 - Set of men, generally ignorant and illiterate…, added Seamen page, with the dictum of Lord Stowell in The Minerva (1825) 1 Hag 347.

February 02, 2011 - Added Intention to Create Legal Relations page. See statement of Mance LJ in Baird Textile Holdings Ltd v Marks & Spencer Plc[2001] EWCA Civ 274.

January 27, 2011 - Added Warranty(Insurance) page.

January 22, 2011 - Added Inaccessibility page. Read citation of Lord Justice Kennedy in Steamship Knutsford Ltd. v Tillmanns .

January 17, 2011 - Added Bribe page. See elaborate definition give by Smith J in Fiona Trust & Holding Corporation Ors v Privalov Ors [2010] EWHC 3199 (Comm).

January 13, 2011 - Added C.I.F. Contract page with Lord Atkinson’s definition of C.I.F. contracts given in Johnson v Taylor Bros & Co Ltd [1920] AC 144 .

January 12, 2011 - Amended Interpretation of Contractual Documents, Principles of page with Cockburn CJ dictum in Stadhard v Lee and Another [1863] EngR 209; (1863) 3 B S 364.

January 05, 2011 - Added Safe Berth page.

January 04, 2011 - Amened Safe Port page with dictum of Rix LJ in Mediterranean Salvage " Towage Ltd v Seamar Trading " Commerce Inc (The Reborn), [2009] EWCA Civ 531, per Rix LJ

January 02, 2011 - Amened Reasonable Time page with statement of Scrutton J in Embiricos v Sydney Reid & Co., [1914] 3 K.B. 45. Amended Implied Term of Contract page with citation from Sir Thomas Bingham’s observation in Phelps Electronique Grand Public SA v British Sky Broadcasting Limited [1995] EMLR 472

December 28, 2010 - Amened Frustration page with statement of Lord Wright in Joseph Constantine Steamship Line Ltd v Imperial Smelting Corp Ltd [1942] AC 154.

December 27, 2010 - Added As (So) Near Thereto as She may Safely Get and Afloat, Where the Vessel Can Always Lie Safely pages.

December 26, 2010 - Amended Repudiation of Contract page with statement of Lord Denning in the Court of Appeal case Federal Commerce " Navigation Co Ltd v Molena Alpha Inc (The Nanfri, Benfri and Lorfri) [1978] QB 949, [1979] AC 757)

December 24, 2010 - Added Master’s Duty to Obey Orders page, with citation from Mr. Justice Donaldson’s judgment in Midwest Shipping Co. v D. I. Henry (The Anastasia),[1971] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 375. Amended Safe Port page with Dixon CJ statement in The Houston City [1954] 2 Lloyds Rep 148

December 23, 2010 - Added Reasonable Time page with Lord Blackburn statement in Dahl v Nelson, Donkin, and Others, (1881) 6 App. Cas. 38.

December 15, 2010 - Added Dangerous Cargo (Goods) page with Mr Mustill J statement on ‘the boundary between those risks which the shipowner contracts to bear and those which he does not’ in The Athanasia Cominos [1990] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 277.

December 02, 2010 - Amended Demurrage Time Bar Clauses page with Mr Justice Field statement in National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia v BP Oil Supply Company [2010] EWHC 3043 (Comm).

December 01, 2010 - Added Employment and Indemnity Clause page.

November 21, 2010 - Added Vetting, An Oil Major’s Approval page.

November 19, 2010 - Amened Damages page.

November 15, 2010 - Amened Contract, Construction of page.

November 09, 2010 - Added Statement of Fact, Demurrage Claim Document page.

November 06, 2010 - Amended Rules of Construction page and added Reasonable Construction, Ex Antecedentibus Et Consequentibus and Ut Res Magis Valeat Quam Pereat - Liberal and Favorable Construction pages.

November 04, 2010 - Added Restraint of Princes page.

November 03, 2010 - Amended Consideration page.

October 19, 2010 - Added Contract Of Carriage of Goods by Sea, Impossible and Impracticable and Total Loss pages.

October 16, 2010 - Amended Implied Term of Contract page.

October 06, 2010 - Amended Evidence page.

October 05, 2010 - Added Inert Gas, Contamination of Cargo and Pumping Clause pages.

October 01, 2010 - Added Fraudulent Representation page.

September 25, 2010 - Amended Safe port and added Safe Port Clause page.

September 18, 2010 - Added Delay and Volenti Non Fit Injuria pages.

September 17, 2010 - Amended Safe port and Master of a Ship Authority pages.

September 07, 2010 - Added Loss of Profits, Damages in Respect of page.

September 06, 2010 - Amended Safe Port page.

August 23, 2010 - Added Hire and Off-Hire pages.

August 21, 2010 - Added Due Diligence page.

August 16, 2010 - Added Jointly Appointed Surveyor page.

August 11, 2010 - Added Premature Notice Of Readiness page.

August 10, 2010 - Added Accidents Preventing the Loading and Loading pages.

August 06, 2010 - Added Free Pratique and Notice of Readiness pages.

August 04, 2010 - Added Fitted for the Service, in Every Way page.

July 28, 2010 - Amended Counter (Cross) Claim page.

July 24, 2010 - Amended Laycan page.

July 23, 2010 - Added Free Pratique page.

July 16, 2010 - Added Available Market page.

July 15, 2010 - Added Strict Obligations page.

July 10, 2010 - Added Accident page.

July 09, 2010 - Added Any Other Cause Whatsoever page.

July 01, 2010 - Added Time Charter, Redelivery page.

June 26, 2010 - Added Average Accident page.

June 23, 2010 - Added Public Policy, the Doctrine page.

June 12, 2010 - Added Abandonment, the Doctrine (Marine Insurance) page.

June 03, 2010 - Amended Berth and Port Voyage Charters page.

April 28, 2010 - Amended Deviation Justified page with statement of Cockburn CJ in Scaramanga v Stamp (1880) 5 CPD 295.

April 27, 2010 - Amended Deviation page with statement of Roche J in Rio Tinto v Seed Shipping (1926) 24 LIL Rep 316.

April 20, 2010 - Amended Extrinsic evidence of Custom and Usage and Sailors’ Wages pages.

April 10, 2010 - Amended Freight page with dictum of Parke J in Domett v Beckford (1833) 5 B & Ad 521.

April 1, 2010 - Amended Repudiation of contract page.

21.03.10 - Added Bailment page and amended Contract, Construction of page.

10.03.10 - Amended Misrepresentation and Fraud, Actions for and Rescission pages.

08.03.10 - Amended Carrier of Goods, Liability of and Liability of Shipowner as Common Carrier pages.

27.02.10 - Amended Promise page and added Voluntary Courtesy page with statement from Lampleigh v Brathwait, Hobart, 105 case.

25.02.10 - Added The House page with application of maxim – "Every Man’s House Is His Castle" in Semayne’s case.

14.02.10 - Added Cesser Clause page and amended Dead freight and Charter by Demise pages.

09.02.10 - Amended Arrived Ship page by statement of Kennedy LJ in Leonis Steamship Company, Ltd v Rank, Ltd [1908] 1 K.B. 49.

06.02.10 - Amended Deviation page with extract from Lee CJ statement in Clayton v Sirnmonds (1741) 1 Burr. 343 and Deviation Justified page.

02.02.10 - Amended Bill of Lading Contract and Nature of Bill of Lading pages.

20.01.10 - Virgil’s Aeneid and Frustration - see amended Non Haec in Foedera Veni page.

18.01.10 - To konw how sailors’ wages affected the navigation of the United Kingdom in the eighteenth century see dictum of Lord Kenyon in Harris v Watson (1791) Peake 102 on Sailors’ Wages page. See also last updates of Freight and Seaworthiness pages.

15.01.10 - Added General Average page with statement of Blackburn J in Oppenheim v Fry (1863) 3 B " S 878. Added Inconsistency page.

11.01.10 - Amended Renunciation page with recent restatement of of law on renunciation in SK Shipping (S) Pte Ltd v Petroexport Ltd [2009] EWHC 2974.

05.01.10 - Added Right of Search of Ship in Time of Peace and Piracy pages.

03.01.10 - Added Without Prejudice, Rule page.

02.01.10 - Added definition of the nature of a proprietary estoppel by Lord Scott of Foscote in Yeoman’s Row Management Ltd v Cobbe [2008] UKHL 55.

28.11.09 - Added Admixture and Common Sense pages.

27.11.09 - Complete revision of site contents in new graphic design.

09.11.09 - Added Answer (from judgment of Buller J in Pasley v Freeman (1789) E.3 T.R.51) and Evidence (statement of Tindall CJ in Robertson v Jackson (1845) 2 C.B. 412) pages.

02.11.09 - Added Representation Addressed to Another page.

26.10.09 - Revised and amended Laytime and Lay days page.

25.10.09 - Revised and amended Condition and Condition Precedent (Contingency Conditions) and Promissory Conditions pages.

21.09.09 - Added definition of Penalty by Lord Dunedin in In Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v New Garage and Motor Co Ltd [1915] AC 79.

11.09.09 - Added Implication from Conduct page

08.09.09 - Added Laycan page.

03.09.09 - Added Posting Rule page.

29.08.09 - Added Agreement page.

29.08.09 - Updated Offer and Acceptance page with Mellish LJ statement on offer in Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D 463.

28.08.09 - Added definition of Safe Port by Sellers LJ in Leeds Shipping Co Ltd v Société Française Bunge (The Eastern City) [1958] 2 Lloyd’s Rep 127.

19.06.09 - Purpose of Cancelling clause has been given by Longmore LJ in recent case of Mansel Oil & VITOL S.A. v Troon Storage Tankers SA [2009] EWCA Civ 425.


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