...in legal matters, some degree of certainty is at least as valuable a part of justice as perfection.
Per Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone LC in Cassell & Co Ltd v Broome  1 All ER 801.
December 10, 2014 - Added Infringement of customs regulations page.
November 20, 2014 - Added Particular Average page.
November 20, 2014 - Amended Piracy and General Average pages with quotes from Birkley v Presgrave (1801) 1 East 220, Milburn v Jamaica Fruit Importing Co  2 QB 540 and The Longchamp  EWHC 3445 (Comm).
November 18, 2014 - Amended Repudiation of Contract page with quotes from judgments of Underhill and Floyd LJJ in Valilas v Januzaj  EWCA Civ 436.
November 13, 2014 - Added Recklessness page with definition of Dyson J in Nugent & Killick v Michael Goss Aviation Ltd  2 Lloyd’s Rep 222.
November 12, 2014 - Added As is, where is page.
November 2, 2014 - Added Ignis Suus Rule page with analysis of the rule by Ward LJ in Stannard (t/a Wyvern Tyres) v Gore  EWCA Civ 1248
October 29, 2014 - Added Sample, Function of page with definition of Lord Macnaghten in James Drummond & Sons v E.H. Van Ingen & Co (1887) 12 App.Cas. 284.
October 20, 2014 - Added Counter Offer with quotes from Hyde v Wrench (1840) 3 Beav 334 and Trollope & Colls Ltd v Atomic Power Constructions Ltd  3 All ER 1035.
October 19, 2014 - Amended Withdrawal of an Offer with quote from judgment of Erle C.J. in Offord v Davies (1862) 12 CBNS 748.
October 18, 2014 - Added Consensus ad idem with quotes from Smith v Hughes  6 QB 597 and R v Davies  1 All ER 513.
October 6, 2014 - Amended Berth and Port Voyage Charters with test of Devlin J in Stag Line v Board of Trade (1950) 83 Ll. L. Rep. 356.
October 1, 2014 - Added "tackle to tackle" rule.
August 2, 2014 - Added Arbitration.html page.
July 30, 2014 - Added Mate’s receipt page with definitions of Lord Wright and Mustill LJ in Nippon Yusen Kaisha v Ramjiban Serowgee and The Nogar Marin.
July 9, 2014 - Added Natural Meaning page.
July 8, 2014 - Amended Bribe page with dictum of Longmore LJ in Novoship (UK) Ltd & Ors v Nikitin & Ors  EWCA Civ 908.
May 20, 2014 - Added Damage page with distinction drawn by Cocburn CJ between ‘injury’ and ‘damage to property’ in Smith v Brown  40 LJQB 214.
May 11, 2014 - See how Pilcher, J defined Lawful Merchandise in Leolga Compania De Navigacion v John Glynn & Son Ltd.  2 Q.B. 374. Also updated Time Charter page with Mackinnon L.J. statement on "the owners agree to let," and "the charterers agree to hire" in Sea and Land Securities v Dickinson  2 K.B. 65.
May 6, 2014 - Added Deficiency of men page, Royal Greek Government v Minister of Transport (The Ilissos)  1 KB 525.
April 21, 2014 - Added Laytime and Demurrage in Sale Contracts page.
April 19, 2014 - Amended Principles of Interpretation of Contractual Documents page with obiter of Lord Atkinson in Houlder Bros. v The Commissioners of Public Works  AC 276.
February 6, 2014 - Added Short delivery page.
February 5, 2014 - Added In-transit loss clauses page.
January 12, 2014 - Amended Off-Hire, Net Loss and Period Clauses page with quotation from judgment of Lord Justice Tomlinson in Minerva Navigation Inc v Oceana Shipping AG (The Athena)  EWCA Civ 1723.
October 29, 2013 - Amended Time Charter, Damages for repudiation page with statement of Mr. Justice Teare in Flame SA v Glory Wealth Shipping PTE Ltd  EWHC 3153 (Comm) . Also amended Damages, The Measure of page.
October 17, 2013 - Added Idemnity page.
September 21, 2013 - Amended Justice page with obiter of Lord Griffiths in Ketteman v Hansel  AC 189.
September 12, 2013 - Amended Safe Port, Time Charter page with statement of Mr. Justice Teare in Gard Marine & Energy Ltd v China National Chartering Co Ltd & Ors  EWHC 2199 (Comm).
June 20, 2013 - Amended Stare Decisis, the Doctrine pages.
June 19, 2013 - Amended Fraudulent Representation pages.
June 7, 2013 - Added Jury point page.
June 2, 2013 - Amended Evidence page with statement of Devlin J. in Waddle v Wallsend Shipping Company, Ltd.  2 Lloyd’s Rep. 105.
May 4, 2013 - Amended Repudiation of Contract, Withdrawal Clause and Notice of Withdrawal and Terms of Contract: Condition, Warranties, Innominate Terms pages.
April 11, 2013 - Amended Sailors’ Wages page with Lord Stowell statement in The Juliana (1822) 2 Dods. 503
February 22, 2013 - Added Ostensible Authority page with statement of Lord Keith of Kinkel in Armagas Ltd v Mundogas (The Ocean Frost).
January 18, 2013 - Added Detention page with conclusion of Crane J. in Hyundai Merchant Marine Co. Ltd. v Furness Withy (Australia) Pty (The Doric Pride) EWHC 945.
December 27, 2012 - Added Headlines and sternlines page with technical details of tanker’s mooring arrangement provided by Eder, J., in Falkonera Shipping Co v Arcadia Energy Pte Ltd (The Falkonera)  EWHC 3678 (Comm)
December 25, 2012 - Amended Hire page with statements in Tonnelier v Smith, (1897) 2 Com.Cas. 258, C.A. Stewart and Co. v Phillips van Ommeren (London) Ltd.,  2 Q.B. 560 and French Marine Ltd. v Compagnie Napolitaine d' Eclairage et de Chauffage par le Gaz,  2 A.C. 494.
December 16, 2012 - Added Off-Hire, Net Loss and Period Clauses page.
December 11, 2012 - Added Time Charter, Suspension and Withdrawal page, with statement of Mrs Justice Gloster in Greatship (India) Ltd v Oceanografia SA de CV  EWHC 3468 (Comm) and amended Arbitration, Interference of the Court page.
December 7, 2012 - Added Speed Warranty page, with statement of Mocatta J in Cosmos Bulk Transport Inc v China National Foreign Trade Transportation Corporation -  1 All ER 322.
December 5, 2012 - Amended Evidence page, with Lord Dunedin definition in Charrington Co Ltd v Wooder  AC 71.
December 3, 2012 - Added Unreasonable, The Wednesbury Test page, with principles stated by Lord Greene, MR in Associated Provincial Picture Houses Ltd v Wednesbury Corporation  1 KB 223on how the cases of judicial review should be decided.
November 23, 2012 - Added Goods page with definition pronounced by Lord Sumner in The Noordam  AC 904.
November 22, 2012 - Added The RETLA clause page.
November 17, 2012 - Amended Bill of Lading Contract page with statement of Morris LJ in Brown Jenkinson & Co Ltd v Percy Dalton (London) Ltd,  2 QB 621.
November 15, 2012 - Added Ex Turpi Causa Non Oritur Actio page.
November 11, 2012 - Added Wasted (Reliance)Expenditure page with Lord Denning MR statement in Anglia Television Ltd v Reed  3 All ER 690, amended Damages page with Lord Atkinson explaination of the general intention of the law in Wertheim (Sally) v Chicoutimi Pulp Co.  A.C. 301.
November 5, 2012 - Added Mechanical Breakdown and Government Interferences pages with explanations given by Eder J in ED & F Man Sugar Ltd v Unicargo Transportgesellschaft GmbH  EWHC 2879 (Comm).
October 19, 2012 - Added Eligible page with quotation from Lord Chelmsford judgement in Baker v Lee (1860) 8 HL. Cas. 495.
October 15, 2012 - Amended Law page with statement of Lord Ellengborough in Bilbie v Lumley (1802) 2 East 469.
September 29, 2012 - Added Krysha (Крыша) page, considering the concept of krysha, by Gloster J in Berezovsky v Abramovich  EWHC 2463 (Comm). Also added Common design and Joint tortfeasance pages.
August 9, 2012 - Amended Laycan page with observation of Steel J in P v A & Anor  EWHC 1361 (Comm).
August 8, 2012 - Amended Cancelling clause page with statement of A.L.Smith J in Smith v Dart & Son (1884) 14 QBD 105 and Devlin J in Noemijulia Steamship Company, Ltd. v Minister of Food,  1 K.B. 223, Certainty page with dictum of Roskill LJ in Compania de Naviera Nedelka S.A. v Tradax Internacional S.A. (The Tres Flores)  Q.B. 264.
June 29, 2012 - Amended: Act of God page.
June 24, 2012 - Amended: Necessity page.
June 16, 2012 - Added and amended: Unilateral Contracts pages.
April 11, 2012 - Updated Condition Precedent and Promissory Conditions and Advance Freight. Added Cesser Clause, Lump Freight, Usage of trade (Custom of Trade), WIBON (Whether In Berth Or Not), Freight Pro Rata Itineris Peracti, Part Delivery of Cargo.
March 15, 2012 - Amended Common Sense (Devlin J dictum in Heskell v Continental Express Ltd  1 All ER 1033) and Loading (The Apostolis (2)  2 Lloyd’s Rep. 292) pages. Added Breach of Contract page with Blackburn J statement in Poussard v Spiers and Pond (1876) 1 QBD 410.
February 25, 2012 - Added Safe Port, Time Charter page.
January 18, 2012 - Added Incompetence page.
January 9, 2012 - Added (An Utterly) Impossible Port page with statement of Willmer LJ in Reardon Smith Line Ltd. v Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food  3 W.L.R. 110.
January 6, 2012 - Added Arbitration, tribunal shall act fairly and impartially and Not Unlikely pages.
December 26, 2011 - Added Success Fee page, Motto & Ors v Trafigura Ltd & Anor (Rev 3)  EWCA Civ 1150, Precedent page with dictum of Lord Wilberforce in Johnson v Agnew  1 All ER 883, (Business) Common Sense, Construction Which Is Consistent With page.
December 05, 2011 - Added Latent Defect page with dictum of Lord Sterndale MR in The Dimitrios Rallias (1922) 13 Ll L Rep 363
December 21, 2011 - Site has been moved and renamed to www.caselawquotes.net. Also design was slightly changed.
December 05, 2011 - Added Latent Defect page with dictum of Lord Sterndale MR in The Dimitrios Rallias (1922) 13 Ll L Rep 363
December 03, 2011 - Added Act of God page with quotation from judgement of Brett J in Nugent v Smith (1875) 1 CPD 19. Amended Seaworthiness page with quote from Lord Ellenborough C.J. judgment in Lyon v Mells (1804) 5 East 428
November 28, 2011 - Amended Available Market page with a statement of Steel J judgement in Zodiac Maritime Agencies Ltd v Fortescue Metals Group Ltd  EWHC 903 (Comm).
November 14, 2011 - Amended Interpretation of Statutes page with statement of Lord Herschell in Bank of England v Vagliano Bros.  AC 107 and Anticipatory Breach page with a quote from Lord Mansfield’s judgement in Jones v Barkley (1781) 2 Doug. 684.
November 08, 2011 - Amended Rescission page.
October 31, 2011 - Added Place of the Ship at the Date of the Contract page.
October 30, 2011 - Added Affirmation page with citation from Buller J. judgment in Pasley v Freeman (1789) 3 Term Rep 51. Amended Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract page with statement of Lord Cranworth, V.C. in Parkin v Thorold  EngR 542; (1851) 2 Sim NS 1, Terms of Contract: Condition, Warranties, Innominate Terms, Condition with dictum of Blackburn J. in Bettini v Gye and Warranty pages.
October 23, 2011 - Added Payment in Cash page with definition of Lord Bridge of Harwich in The Chikuma  1 All ER 652. Added Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract and Time is Made of the Essence of the Contract by Notice pages.
October 18, 2011 - Added Res Ipsa Loquitur (occurrence of an accident implies negligence) page with statement of Erle CJ, in the well-known case of Scott v London and St Katherine Docks Co.
October 12, 2011 - Added Time Charter page. Amended Hire and Injunction pages with statement of Lord Wright in A/S Tankexpress v Compagnie Financiere Belge Des Petroles SA (The Petrofina)  2 All ER 939 and Nourse LJ in Warren v Mendy  1 WLR 853. Amended Withdrawal Clause and Penalty pages.
September 12, 2011 - Added Necessity page with dictum of Sir W.Scott in The Gratitudine (1801) 3 C Rob 240
August 28, 2011 - Added Time Charter, Damages for repudiation page with statements of Goff J in The Elena D'Amico  1 Lloyd’s Rep 75, Mustill J in Woodstock Shipping Co. v Kyma Compania Naviera S.A. (The Wave)  1 Lloyd’s Rep 521, Lord Carswell in Golden Strait Corporation v Nippon Yusen Kubishka Kaisha (The Golden Victory)  UKHL 12, Zodiac Maritime Agencies Ltd v Fortescue Metals Group Ltd  EWHC 903 (Comm) (28 April 2010) by Steel J and Blair J in Glory Wealth Shipping Pte Ltd. v Korea Line Corporation  EWHC 1819 (Comm).
August 27, 2011 - Amended Damages, The Measure of page with statement of Lord Bingham in Golden Strait Corpn v Nippon Yusen Kubishika Kaisha (The Golden Victory)  2 A.C. 353.
August 24, 2011 - Amended Cancelling clause page with statement of Lord Denning, M.R. in Marbienes Compania Naviera S.A. v Ferrostaal A.G. (The Democritos)  2 Lloyd’s Rep. 149.
August 8, 2011 - Amended Fraudulent Representation page with Lord Herschell statement in Derry v Peek (1889) 14 AC 337. Amended Condition page with statement of Lord Diplock in Photo Production Ltd v Securicor Transport Ltd  1 All ER 556 and Lord Roskill in Bunge Corpn v Tradax SA  2 All ER 513.
August 4, 2011 - Added Election page with definition provided by Lord Goff of Chieveley in Motor Oil Hellas (Corinth) Refineries SA v Shipping Corporation of India (The Kanchenjunga) 1 Lloyd’s Rep 391. Amended Off-Hire page with statement of Kerr J in Mareva Navigation Co v Canaria Armadora SA (The Mareva AS)  1 Lloyd’s Rep. 368.
July 21, 2011 - Added "De Minimis" rule page with definition given by Sellers LJ in Margaronis Navigation v Peabody  2 Lloyd’s Rep.153.
July 20, 2011 - Amended Contract, Formation of page with Lord Justice Toulson statement in Papas Olio JSC v Grains & Fourrages SA & Anor  EWCA Civ 1401.
July 14, 2011 - Amended Vetting, An Oil Major’s Approval page with statement of Mackie QC in Transpetrol Maritime Services Ltd v SJB (Marine Energy) BV  EWHC 3374 (Comm).
July 13, 2011 - Added Subject Details page with definitions of Legatt J in The Nissos Samos  1 Lloyd’s Rep 378 and Steyn J in The Junior K  2 Lloyd’s rep 583.
July 12, 2011 - Added Mitigation, Criterion for page with statement of Lord Macmillan in Banco De Portugal v Waterlow  AC 452.
June 17, 2011 - Amended Arbitration, Interference of the Court page with statement of Kerr J in Sunbeam Shipping Co. Ltd. v President of India (The Atlantic Sunbeam)  1 Lloyd’s Rep 482.
June 16, 2011 - Added Standard Forms of Contract and Standard Clauses page with dictum of Lord Diplock in Federal Commerce and Navigation Co Ltd v Tradax Export SA (The Maratha Envoy)  2 All ER 849.
May 29, 2011 - Amended C.I.F. Contract page with definition given by Lord Porter in Comptoir d’Achat et de Vente du Boerenbond Belge S/A v Luis de Ridder Limitada (The Julia)  A.C. 293, Scrutton J in Arnold Karberg & Co v Blythe, Green Jourdain & Co  2 K.B. 379 at 388, Manbre Saccharine Co, Ltd v Corn Products Co, Ltd [1918-19] All ER Rep 980 per McCardie J, Lord Atkinson in Johnson v Taylor Bros &; Co Ltd  AC 144 and Lord Wright in Ross T Smyth & Co Ltd v TD Bailey Son & Co  3 All ER 60.
May 22, 2011 - Amened F.O.B. Contract page with description of fob contract by Lord Hewart CJ in J. & J. Cunningham, Ltd. v Robert A. Munro & Co., Ltd. (1922) 13 Ll. L. Rep. 216.
May 14, 2011 - Amended Reasonable Time page with statements of Lord Watson in Hick v Raymond  AC 22.
May 07, 2011 - Amended Premature Notice Of Readiness page with statements of Mustill LJ in Transgrain Shipping B.V. v Global Transporte Oceanico S.A., (The Mexico 1),  1 Lloyd’s Rep. 507, Thomas J in TA Shipping Ltd v Comet Shipping Ltd, (The Agamemnon),  1 Lloyd’s Rep 675 and Potter LJ in Flacker Shipping Ltd v Glencore Grain Ltd (The Happy Day),  EWCA Civ 1068.
May 02, 2011 - Amended Statement of Fact, Demurrage Claim Document page with statements of Mustill LJ in Transgrain Shipping B.V. v Global Transporte Oceanico S.A., (The Mexico 1),  1 Lloyd’s Rep. 507.
April 28, 2011 - Added Waiver page with statements of Lord Wilberforce in (The Laconia),  1 All ER 545 and of Potter LJ in The Happy Day  EWCA Civ 1068.
April 09, 2011 - Amended Dead freight page with citations from Wallems Rederij A/S v WH Muller & Co Batavia (The Storviken),  All ER Rep 369 and Total Transport Corpn v Amoco Trading Co (The Altus),  1 Lloyd’s Rep 423.
March 25, 2011 - Amended Dangerous Goods (Cargo) page with statement of Lord Lloyd of Berwick in Effort Shipping Co Ltd v Linden Management SA (The Giannis NK),  1 All ER 495.
February 25, 2011 - Added Despatch (Dispatch) page.
February 20, 2011 - Added Capture page.
February 15, 2011 - Set of men, generally ignorant and illiterate…, added Seamen page, with the dictum of Lord Stowell in The Minerva (1825) 1 Hag 347.
February 02, 2011 - Added Intention to Create Legal Relations page. See statement of Mance LJ in Baird Textile Holdings Ltd v Marks & Spencer Plc EWCA Civ 274.
January 27, 2011 - Added Warranty(Insurance) page.
January 22, 2011 - Added Inaccessibility page. Read citation of Lord Justice Kennedy in Steamship Knutsford Ltd. v Tillmanns .
January 17, 2011 - Added Bribe page. See elaborate definition give by Smith J in Fiona Trust & Holding Corporation Ors v Privalov Ors  EWHC 3199 (Comm).
January 13, 2011 - Added C.I.F. Contract page with Lord Atkinson’s definition of C.I.F. contracts given in Johnson v Taylor Bros & Co Ltd  AC 144 .
January 12, 2011 - Amended Interpretation of Contractual Documents, Principles of page with Cockburn CJ dictum in Stadhard v Lee and Another  EngR 209; (1863) 3 B S 364.
January 05, 2011 - Added Safe Berth page.
January 04, 2011 - Amened Safe Port page with dictum of Rix LJ in Mediterranean Salvage " Towage Ltd v Seamar Trading " Commerce Inc (The Reborn),  EWCA Civ 531, per Rix LJ
January 02, 2011 - Amened Reasonable Time page with statement of Scrutton J in Embiricos v Sydney Reid & Co.,  3 K.B. 45. Amended Implied Term of Contract page with citation from Sir Thomas Bingham’s observation in Phelps Electronique Grand Public SA v British Sky Broadcasting Limited  EMLR 472
December 28, 2010 - Amened Frustration page with statement of Lord Wright in Joseph Constantine Steamship Line Ltd v Imperial Smelting Corp Ltd  AC 154.
December 26, 2010 - Amended Repudiation of Contract page with statement of Lord Denning in the Court of Appeal case Federal Commerce " Navigation Co Ltd v Molena Alpha Inc (The Nanfri, Benfri and Lorfri)  QB 949,  AC 757)
December 24, 2010 - Added Master’s Duty to Obey Orders page, with citation from Mr. Justice Donaldson’s judgment in Midwest Shipping Co. v D. I. Henry (The Anastasia), 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 375. Amended Safe Port page with Dixon CJ statement in The Houston City  2 Lloyds Rep 148
December 23, 2010 - Added Reasonable Time page with Lord Blackburn statement in Dahl v Nelson, Donkin, and Others, (1881) 6 App. Cas. 38.
December 15, 2010 - Added Dangerous Cargo (Goods) page with Mr Mustill J statement on ‘the boundary between those risks which the shipowner contracts to bear and those which he does not’ in The Athanasia Cominos  1 Lloyd’s Rep 277.
December 02, 2010 - Amended Demurrage Time Bar Clauses page with Mr Justice Field statement in National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia v BP Oil Supply Company  EWHC 3043 (Comm).
December 01, 2010 - Added Employment and Indemnity Clause page.
November 21, 2010 - Added Vetting, An Oil Major’s Approval page.
November 19, 2010 - Amened Damages page.
November 15, 2010 - Amened Contract, Construction of page.
November 09, 2010 - Added Statement of Fact, Demurrage Claim Document page.
November 06, 2010 - Amended Rules of Construction page and added Reasonable Construction, Ex Antecedentibus Et Consequentibus and Ut Res Magis Valeat Quam Pereat - Liberal and Favorable Construction pages.
November 04, 2010 - Added Restraint of Princes page.
November 03, 2010 - Amended Consideration page.
October 16, 2010 - Amended Implied Term of Contract page.
October 06, 2010 - Amended Evidence page.
October 01, 2010 - Added Fraudulent Representation page.
September 07, 2010 - Added Loss of Profits, Damages in Respect of page.
September 06, 2010 - Amended Safe Port page.
August 21, 2010 - Added Due Diligence page.
August 16, 2010 - Added Jointly Appointed Surveyor page.
August 11, 2010 - Added Premature Notice Of Readiness page.
August 04, 2010 - Added Fitted for the Service, in Every Way page.
July 28, 2010 - Amended Counter (Cross) Claim page.
July 24, 2010 - Amended Laycan page.
July 23, 2010 - Added Free Pratique page.
July 16, 2010 - Added Available Market page.
July 15, 2010 - Added Strict Obligations page.
July 10, 2010 - Added Accident page.
July 09, 2010 - Added Any Other Cause Whatsoever page.
July 01, 2010 - Added Time Charter, Redelivery page.
June 26, 2010 - Added Average Accident page.
June 23, 2010 - Added Public Policy, the Doctrine page.
June 12, 2010 - Added Abandonment, the Doctrine (Marine Insurance) page.
June 03, 2010 - Amended Berth and Port Voyage Charters page.
April 28, 2010 - Amended Deviation Justified page with statement of Cockburn CJ in Scaramanga v Stamp (1880) 5 CPD 295.
April 27, 2010 - Amended Deviation page with statement of Roche J in Rio Tinto v Seed Shipping (1926) 24 LIL Rep 316.
April 10, 2010 - Amended Freight page with dictum of Parke J in Domett v Beckford (1833) 5 B & Ad 521.
April 1, 2010 - Amended Repudiation of contract page.
25.02.10 - Added The House page with application of maxim – "Every Man’s House Is His Castle" in Semayne’s case.
09.02.10 - Amended Arrived Ship page by statement of Kennedy LJ in Leonis Steamship Company, Ltd v Rank, Ltd  1 K.B. 49.
20.01.10 - Virgil’s Aeneid and Frustration - see amended Non Haec in Foedera Veni page.
18.01.10 - To konw how sailors’ wages affected the navigation of the United Kingdom in the eighteenth century see dictum of Lord Kenyon in Harris v Watson (1791) Peake 102 on Sailors’ Wages page. See also last updates of Freight and Seaworthiness pages.
11.01.10 - Amended Renunciation page with recent restatement of of law on renunciation in SK Shipping (S) Pte Ltd v Petroexport Ltd  EWHC 2974.
03.01.10 - Added Without Prejudice, Rule page.
02.01.10 - Added definition of the nature of a proprietary estoppel by Lord Scott of Foscote in Yeoman’s Row Management Ltd v Cobbe  UKHL 55.
27.11.09 - Complete revision of site contents in new graphic design.
02.11.09 - Added Representation Addressed to Another page.
26.10.09 - Revised and amended Laytime and Lay days page.
25.10.09 - Revised and amended Condition and Condition Precedent (Contingency Conditions) and Promissory Conditions pages.
21.09.09 - Added definition of Penalty by Lord Dunedin in In Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co Ltd v New Garage and Motor Co Ltd  AC 79.
11.09.09 - Added Implication from Conduct page
08.09.09 - Added Laycan page.
03.09.09 - Added Posting Rule page.
29.08.09 - Added Agreement page.
29.08.09 - Updated Offer and Acceptance page with Mellish LJ statement on offer in Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D 463.
28.08.09 - Added definition of Safe Port by Sellers LJ in Leeds Shipping Co Ltd v Société Française Bunge (The Eastern City)  2 Lloyd’s Rep 127.
19.06.09 - Purpose of Cancelling clause has been given by Longmore LJ in recent case of Mansel Oil & VITOL S.A. v Troon Storage Tankers SA  EWCA Civ 425.